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zoom RSS フタル酸塩を含む玩具の販売禁止 /米国

<<   作成日時 : 2009/02/08 19:59   >>

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 ニューヨークの連邦判事は、人のホルモンシステムを妨げる化学薬品を含んでいる12未満の子供のためにのおもちゃや製品を売ることを禁じる判決を出した。
 議会は8月に、プラスチック玩具をやわらかくするために使われるフタル酸塩と呼ばれる化学薬品の6タイプを微量に含むおもちゃの販売を禁止する消費者製品法を制定し、2月10日に実施される。また、鉛の含有量も大幅に規制した。しかし、11月に消費製品安全委員会は、禁止が2月10日以後製造品にあてはまると発表した。そうだとするとメーカーが在庫を売る続けられることになる。
 2人の活動グループが委員会を訴え、連邦地方判事が合意した。2月10日以降に販売される製品にはフタル酸塩は含まれない。安全におもちゃを買うことができる。
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Judge Upholds Congress' Ban on Toys With Certain Chemicals
Starting Tuesday, Stores May Not Sell Toys Containing Controversial Plastic Softener
By LIZ SZABO
USA TODAY
Feb. 6, 2009
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/WellnessNews/story?id=6821667&page=1

画像Beginning Tuesday, stores may not sell toys or products for kids under 12 that contain chemicals that interfere with the human hormone system, a federal judge in New York ruled Thursday.
Photo: Judge Upholds Congress' Ban on Toys With Certain Chemicals: Starting Tuesday, Stores May Not Sell Toys Containing Controversial Plastic Softener: Congress banned the sale of toys with all but trace amounts of the chemicals, called phthalates
In this file photo, Blair Anundson displays toys that could be hazardous to children at a news... Expand
In this file photo, Blair Anundson displays toys that could be hazardous to children at a news conference by the organization where it released it's annual toy safety report in Seattle. He was holding toys that contained high amounts of lead, setting them next to a "Pony Land Scented Pony Pet," right, that the organization said contained toxic phthalates. Collapse
(AP Photo/Elaine Thompson)

Congress banned the sale of toys with all but trace amounts of six types of the chemicals, called phthalates, in a massive consumer product law passed in August. Lawmakers who sponsored the legislation, including Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., have said they aimed to make sure that toys containing phthalates would be off the shelves when the law takes effect Feb. 10. The law also drastically reduces the amount of lead allowed in toys.

But in November the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the federal agency in charge of enforcing the law, announced that the ban would only apply to merchandise made after Feb. 10. That would have allowed manufacturers and stores to continue selling inventory made with phthalates indefinitely.

Parents would have had no way to know which items on the shelf have phthalates, commonly used to soften plastic toys, such as rubber ducks, says Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., who sponsored the final bill. In a statement earlier this week, Waxman said the commission's decision undermined the intent of the law.

Two advocacy groups, the Natural Resources Defense Council and Public Citizen, sued the commission to compel it to enforce the ban on all items made with phthalates, regardless of when they were made. A number of animal tests and a few human studies have linked the chemicals to genital abnormalities in boys, and allergies.

On Thursday, U.S. District Judge Paul Gardephe agreed with the advocacy groups, saying that the law "unambiguously" applies to all toys containing phthalates. The agency doesn't plan to appeal the decision, says Joe Martyak, a commission spokesman.

In a joint statement, the advocacy groups called the decision "a victory for children's health and consumer safety."

"A trip to the toy store shouldn't require a guessing game on which toys contain harmful chemicals and which toys are safe," said NRDC scientist Sarah Janssen in a statement. "Now shoppers will have peace of mind when they open their wallets."

The law remains controversial with some businesses, however.

Congress and the commission have drawn fire in recent weeks from many manufacturers, who say that the law could leave them with millions of dollars of inventory that's illegal to sell. The commission has said that Congress set impossible deadlines and didn't get the agency enough resources to enforce such a far-reaching law.

"This ruling reflects the true intent of Congress – that no toy or children's product containing certain phthalates be sold after Feb. 10, 2009, no matter when it was manufactured," says Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif. "Beginning next week, parents will have peace of mind, knowing that the toys they buy for their children are safe."

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