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<<   作成日時 : 2009/07/26 01:08   >>

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試されるオバマ大統領の政治力/米国医療事情 医療制度改革
 米国での生放送の記者会見で医療制度改革についての計画への支持を訴えた。
 アメリカ人は議会のリーダーシップを期待していると述べた。数十年もの間、ワシントンが解決することに失敗した問題の重荷を背負わされているのは普通のアメリカ人である。コストを下げ、全てのアメリカ人が期待できるような保険の選択枝と提供を増やすような改革を、今年めざしている。医療費により押しつぶされた家族から毎日のように手紙を受けとり、助けを求められているために急いでいる。
 オバマ大統領の政治力が試される最初の大きな試練であり、課題達成のためにどの程度妥協する用意があるかをはかる指標となる。
 過去10日間、議会メンバーの医療制度改革の議論に対して、自らの計画を推し進めるために攻撃的に出ている。
 中流家庭への課税を除けば、どのような提案も除外しない。医療制度改革が、より広汎に経済を助けることも決定的であり、財政赤字も削減されるだろうと、オバマ大統領は言う。
 議会の5つの委員会で医療制度改革法案を審議していて、いくつかの面での合意はみられるが、雇用者後援の健康保険とは独立した公的医療保険制度を作るかどうかについては意見が分かれている。また、財源をどこから得るかでも合意は得られていない。約4700万人が無保険であり増大する医療費が財政赤字の主要因の一つとなっている。
 オバマ大統領は8月最初の週末には両院で可決し、10月に署名にこぎつけたい。上院委員会の1つは可決し、3つの下院委員会では共同提案をした。健康保険の取得を全てに人に要求し、保険入手に補助金を提供する。雇用者提供保険がない人には公的保険に参加することができる。
 いくつかの世論調査ではかろうじてアメリカ人の半数が賛成している。
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Page last updated at 06:03 GMT, Thursday, 23 July 2009 07:03 UK
Obama defends healthcare reforms
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8164177.stm

画像Obama defends healthcare plans

President Barack Obama has defended his plans for health reform in a news conference broadcast live in the US.

Mr Obama pledged to push through a reform package by the end of the year that would reduce health costs, increase choice and widen coverage.

Congress is currently debating various proposals, and lawmakers are struggling to reach agreement.

Mr Obama said he now saw "broad agreement" on passing a reform, but a few issues still needed working out.

The president has made passing a healthcare reform bill the top priority of his first year in the White House.

In the past 10 days, he has embarked on an aggressive push to promote his plans, as members of Congress argue over the details of reform.

The BBC's Jane O'Brien in Washington says this is the first big test of Mr Obama's political strength and a measure of how far he is prepared to bend to achieve his agenda.

Any failure will be seen by his opponents as a major personal defeat, she says.

'Not a game'

In his opening remarks at Wednesday's press conference, the president said Americans were looking to Congress for leadership.

"This debate is not a game," he said. "This isn't about me - I have great health insurance and so does every member of Congress."

I'm rushed because I get letters every day from families that are being clobbered by health care costs
US President Barack Obama

Rather, he said, it was about ordinary Americans who had been forced to "shoulder the burden of a problem that Washington has failed to solve for decades."

"We will pass reform that lowers cost, promotes choice and provides coverage that every American can count on," he said.

"And we will do it this year."

"I'm rushed because I get letters every day from families that are being clobbered by health care costs, and they ask me can you help," Mr Obama said.

HAVE YOUR SAY

Obama will struggle because the US has had 75 odd years of anti-socialist propaganda to the point where an idea that might be described as socialist is automatically condemned

Darkseid Jones
Send us your comments

The president said he would not rule out any ideas proposed in Congress, except any proposal that was "primarily funded through taxing middle class families".

He also said reshaping America's health care system was crucial to helping the broader economy, and that any reform would reduce rather than add to the US deficit.

Talking about the general economy, Mr Obama said the US had been "on the verge of a complete financial meltdown", but there was now "stabilisation".

"We've stepped away from the brink," he said, adding that "things would be even worse" without the government's financial bailout package.

Timetable risk

Five congressional committees are currently working on healthcare bills, and although there is consensus on some aspects of reform, lawmakers are divided on whether to set up a public health insurance scheme for Americans without employer-sponsored coverage.

There is also much disagreement about how to raise revenue to fund the proposed expansion of healthcare coverage.

HEALTHCARE IN THE US
47 million uninsured, 25 million under-insured
Healthcare costs represent 16% of GDP, almost twice OECD average
Reform plans would require all Americans to get insurance
Some propose public insurance option to compete with private insurers

Q&A: US healthcare reform
US readers' views on health reform

Some 47 million Americans do not currently have health insurance, and rising healthcare costs are a major contributing factor to America's spiralling budget deficit.

Mr Obama has called on both chambers of Congress to pass healthcare reform bills by the end of the first week in August, so he will be in a position to sign a final, combined, bill in October.

One Senate committee has passed a bill, and three House of Representatives committees have published a joint proposal.

Both of these bills would require all Americans to take out health insurance, and would provide subsidies to help make coverage affordable.

They would also give Americans without employer-provided coverage the option to join a public insurance scheme.


FROM BBC WORLD SERVICE

More from BBC World Service

But the powerful Senate Finance Committee has yet to complete its version of the bill, amid calls from prominent moderate senators for a delay while a bipartisan compromise is reached.

The speaker of the House of Representatives, Democrat Nancy Pelosi, said on Wednesday that her party had the votes needed to pass the reform there.

"It will take some time," she said. "But we are going to do it right."

House Republican Leader John Boehner called on Mr Obama to scrap the bill and start again "in a bipartisan way".

"If they try to fix our healthcare system like they've tried to rescue our economy, I think we're in really, really big trouble," he said.

Some opinion polls show that barely half of Americans now approve of the way Mr Obama is handling healthcare reform.

If the president's timetable begins to slip, correspondents say his push for healthcare reform could be in jeopardy.

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