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 米国2009/04-06 H1N1インフルエンザ入院患者の臨床的特徴
 少なくとも24時間入院し、RT-PCRにより2009H1N1ウイルス陽性と判明した272人について、25%はICU入室し、7%が死亡した。45%が18才以下、5%が65才以上。73%は何らかの潜在的な病状:喘息・糖尿病・心肺神経系の疾患・妊娠、を持っていた。入院時249人が胸部X線検査を受け40%(100人)に肺炎があった。268人中200人(75%)が発病から平均3日で抗ウイルス薬を服用。入院患者について、抗ウイルス薬は有効であり早期開始が特に有効であった。
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Published at www.nejm.org October 8, 2009 (10.1056/NEJMoa0906695)

Hospitalized Patients with 2009 H1N1 Influenza in the United States, April--June 2009
Seema Jain, M.D., Laurie Kamimoto, M.D., M.P.H., Anna M. Bramley, M.P.H., Ann M. Schmitz, D.V.M., Stephen R. Benoit, M.D., M.P.H., Janice Louie, M.D., M.P.H., David E. Sugerman, M.D., M.P.H., Jean K. Druckenmiller, B.S., S.M.(N.R.M.), Kathleen A. Ritger, M.D., M.P.H., Rashmi Chugh, M.D., M.P.H., Supriya Jasuja, M.D., M.P.H., Meredith Deutscher, M.D., Sanny Chen, Ph.D., M.H.S., John D. Walker, M.D., Jeffrey S. Duchin, M.D., Susan Lett, M.D., M.P.H., Susan Soliva, M.P.H., Eden V. Wells, M.D., M.P.H., David Swerdlow, M.D., Timothy M. Uyeki, M.D., M.P.H., Anthony E. Fiore, M.D., M.P.H., Sonja J. Olsen, Ph.D., Alicia M. Fry, M.D., M.P.H., Carolyn B. Bridges, M.D., Lyn Finelli, Dr.P.H., for the 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Hospitalizations Investigation Team

ABSTRACT

Background During the spring of 2009, a pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus emerged and spread globally. We describe the clinical characteristics of the patients who were hospitalized with 2009 H1N1 influenza in the United States from April 2009 to mid-June 2009.

Methods Using medical charts, we collected data on 272 patients who were hospitalized for at least 24 hours for influenza-like illness and who tested positive for the 2009 H1N1 virus with the use of a real-time reverse-transcriptase--polymerase-chain-reaction assay.

Results Of the 272 patients we studied, 25% were admitted to an intensive care unit and 7% died. Forty-five percent of the patients were children under the age of 18 years, and 5% were 65 years of age or older. Seventy-three percent of the patients had at least one underlying medical condition; these conditions included asthma; diabetes; heart, lung, and neurologic diseases; and pregnancy. Of the 249 patients who underwent chest radiography on admission, 100 (40%) had findings consistent with pneumonia. Of the 268 patients for whom data were available regarding the use of antiviral drugs, such therapy was initiated in 200 patients (75%) at a median of 3 days after the onset of illness. Data suggest that the use of antiviral drugs was beneficial in hospitalized patients, especially when such therapy was initiated early.

Conclusions During the evaluation period, 2009 H1N1 influenza caused severe illness requiring hospitalization, including pneumonia and death. Nearly three quarters of the patients had one or more underlying medical conditions. Few severe illnesses were reported among persons 65 years of age or older. Patients seemed to benefit from antiviral therapy.

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