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<<   作成日時 : 2010/01/24 17:51   >>

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女性用ハンドバッグや財布の鉛汚染
 2つの大手小売りチェーンによる画期的な協定で初めて女性のハンドバッグと財布の鉛使用規制を決めた。
 環境衛生センターが、Target, Macy's, Wal-Mart and Kohl's などで売られている100の財布を購入して鉛の検査をしたところ、非常に高濃度の鉛を検出した。出産可能年齢の女性は注意が必要である。ポリ塩化ビニールPVCの中で多く検出された。素材を柔軟にするため、合成ハンドバッグに使われる。また、明るい色を長期に保つため、顔料に含まれる。検査結果では、子ども用品のための連邦規制値の30-100倍高い値を示すものもあった。塗料以外では市販品で本に関する規制が唯一の連邦規制となっている。
 カリフォルニア州のガンや先天異常に対する警告レベルよりも高値である。鉛による影響は子どもの学習障害やアルツハイマー病にも関連するとされている。
 カリフォルニアでは、H&M会社は疑わしい製品を撤去することに合意し、有害商品への警告教育と検査充実のために37,000ドル支払う。
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血中鉛濃度が「安全」域でも子どもの発達に影響/鉛 環境汚染
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200909/article_35.html
口紅に含まれる鉛
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200711/article_20.html
深刻な学校の飲料水汚染/米国
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200910/article_3.html
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Lead Found in Women's Handbags
ABC News Exclusive: Retailers Agree to Test Purses for Lead Levels
By LISA FLETCHER
Jan. 22, 2010
http://abcnews.go.com/WN/lead-found-womens-handbags/story?id=9638944

画像A landmark agreement involving two big retail chains establishes, for the first time, limits on lead in women's handbags and wallets.
The Center for Environmental Health tested purses from 100 of the nation's top retailers and found what they call disturbingly high levels of lead.
(Getty Images)

The Center for Environmental Health went to 100 of the nation's top retailers -- including Target, Macy's, Wal-Mart and Kohl's -- and bought purses.

The group had the bags tested for lead at an independent lab. Two separate tests were conducted. Some bags were wiped to see how much, if any, lead would simply rub off the material. The bags also were tested for the total lead content of the products.

The tests came back showing disturbingly high levels of lead, the Center for Environmental Health said.

"This is something every woman of childbearing age ought to be paying attention to," said Dr. Alan Greene, a lead expert and pediatrician at Stanford University.

Lead typically is found in polyvinyl chloride, or PVC. Some manufacturers find it useful in items like synthetic handbags because it makes material pliable. It also can be found in pigments because it makes bright colors last longer.

According to the Center for Environmental Health, in some tests bags had levels 30 to 100 times higher than the federal limit for lead in all children's items. That limit is the only federal limit on the books for lead in consumer products, other than paint.

The concern with many of the purses is that lead can rub off of the bag and end up on people's hands, or on children's hands and then into their mouths.

Greene said not everyone is equally affected.

"Little kids put things into their mouth much more than others do," he said, "so that makes the years up to pregnancy, and during pregnancy and nursing, and early childhood, the key times of exposure."

So how much lead can rub off a purse when touched? The CEH found levels of lead higher than California allows for a product unless it carries a warning label for cancer and birth defects.

Lead has been implicated in a laundry list of health concerns, mostly for children, pregnant women and women who hope to become pregnant.

Studies have linked lead to child learning disabilities and some have even linked childhood lead exposure to Alzheimer's later in life.

"When it's something that Mom is carrying around with her all the time, it's rubbing against her clothes, it's rubbing against her kids, it's a place you don't" want to have lead, Greene said.

Companies Agree to Pull Suspect Bags From Shelves in California

The companies in the settlement -- H&M, New York & Company, and two suppliers -- agreed to pull suspect bags from their shelves in California, where the lawsuit was filed. Each company also will pay $37,000 that will, in part, pay to educate people about toxic health hazards and pay for tests on bags to enforce tougher lead standards going forward.

H&M told ABC News it will enforce tougher standards globally. The company added it has had a ban in place on many toxic chemicals in its products, including lead, and that in this case, one of their suppliers violated company policy.

The Center for Environmental Health told ABC News it is now in discussion with more than 60 major retailers and suppliers working toward a similar agreement. If that broader settlement with retail giants is achieved, it could mean tough new lead standards for bags in stores across the country.


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