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<<   作成日時 : 2010/02/27 23:49   >>

なるほど(納得、参考になった、ヘー) ブログ気持玉 11 / トラックバック 0 / コメント 0

 米国の病院では外科手術着、タオル、超音波メスなどを1回使うと捨てているが、リサイクルにより毎年数億ドルが節約できて環境保護にも役立つという。
 適切な殺菌、再校正、検査といった手続きを踏めば機器を安全に再利用できるだろう。良い病院が大量廃棄物製造者だと思っている人はいないが、現実はそうである。浪費を減らして節約することができる多くのものが病院にはある。
 パッケージを開けただけで使われず汚染もしていないのに処分されてしまうのは問題だ。
 政府から最近、一定のリサイクル機器は危険でないという報告が出された。

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Hospitals Urged to Start Recycling
Reused equipment is safe if sterilized, researchers say
-- Randy Dotinga
http://health.msn.com/health-topics/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100254817

画像Reused equipment is safe if sterilized, researchers say.

THURSDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. hospitals throw away surgical gowns, towels and ultrasonic cutting tools after a single use, but recycling those supplies could save hundreds of millions of dollars annually and protect the environment, researchers say.

The authors of a study in the March issue of the journal Academic Medicine argue that it can be safe to reuse equipment as long as proper sterilization, recalibration and testing procedures are followed.

"No one really thinks of good hospitals as massive waste producers, but they are," Dr. Martin Makary, surgeon and associate professor of public health at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and lead study author, said in a statement. "There are many things hospitals can do to decrease waste and save money that they are not currently doing."

Some items are discarded even when they haven't been used because their packages were opened and they may have been contaminated, the authors noted.

The researchers reported that the U.S. Government Accountability Office recently found that certain recycled devices aren't dangerous.

"These devices are safe, but it's a public relations challenge," Makary said. "Some people don't like the idea that they're being treated with equipment that has been used before. But these reprocessed devices are as good as new since the testing standards for reuse are impeccable and there have been no patient safety problems in our analysis."

More information

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has details about disposal of medical waste.
SOURCE: Johns Hopkins Medicine, news release, Feb. 24, 2010

Copyright @2010 HealthDay. All Rights Reserved.

---------------------------------------------------
GOING GREEN IN THE HOSPITAL
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/Press_releases/2010/02_24_10.html
--Johns Hopkins researchers say recycling medical equipment saves money, reduces waste and is safe

February 24, 2010- Wider adoption of the practice of recycling medical equipment ― including laparoscopic ports and durable cutting tools typically tossed out after a single use ― could save hospitals hundreds of millions of dollars annually and curb trash at medical centers, the second-largest waste producers in the United States after the food industry.

The recommendation, made in an analysis by Johns Hopkins researchers in the March issue of the journal Academic Medicine, noted that with proper sterilization, recalibration and testing, reuse of equipment is safe.

“No one really thinks of good hospitals as massive waste producers, but they are,” says lead author Martin Makary, M.D., M.P.H., a surgeon and associate professor of public health at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. “There are many things hospitals can do to decrease waste and save money that they are not currently doing.”

Hospitals toss out everything from surgical gowns and towels to laparoscopic ports and expensive ultrasonic cutting tools after a single use. In operating rooms, some items that are never even used are thrown away ― single-use devices that are taken out of their packaging must be tossed out because they could have been contaminated. Selecting such good devices for resterilization and retesting could decrease the amount of needless waste from hospitals.

And, the researchers say, hospitals could procure more items designed to be used safely more than once after being sterilized.

Hospitals, they add, are increasingly attracted to reprocessing because recycled devices can cost half as much as new equipment. Only about a quarter of hospitals in the United States used at least one type of reprocessed medical device in 2002, and while the number is growing, the practice is not yet widespread, they say. Banner Health in Phoenix, they write, saved nearly $1.5 million in 12 months from reprocessing operating room supplies such as compression sleeves, open but unused devices, pulse oximeters and more.

Safety concerns with reprocessing include possible malfunction of devices, the risk of transmitting infections, and the ethical dilemma that reprocessing presents given the absence of patient consent to usage of such devices in their treatment. The government requires all reprocessed equipment to be labeled as such, along with the name of the reprocessing company. A recent study by the U.S. Government Accountability Office concluded reprocessed devices do not present an increased health risk over new devices.

“These devices are safe, but it’s a public relations challenge,” Makary says. “Some people don’t like the idea that they’re being treated with equipment that has been used before. But these reprocessed devices are as good as new since the testing standards for reuse are impeccable and there have been no patient safety problems in our analysis.”

The other authors of the commentary are Gifty Kwakye and Peter J. Pronovost, M.D., Ph.D., both of Johns Hopkins.

For more information:
http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/surgery/faculty/Makary

Media Contact: Stephanie Desmon
410-955-8665; sdesmon1@jhmi.edu

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