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zoom RSS 観光牧場の来場者に対してもっと防護対策が必要/英国

<<   作成日時 : 2010/06/19 23:10   >>

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 観光牧場の来場者に対してもっと防護対策が必要であると専門家は言う。
 昨年、Surrey's Godstone Farm で90人以上が重症感染に至る可能性のあるO157に感染し、英国で過去最大の農場での大腸菌感染となった。農場による適切な対策があれば大発生は防げたかもしれないし、保健当局の迅速な対応があれば被害を少なくできたかもしれない。手洗いについては来場者に任せており安全策が不十分であった。
 発生初期に動物との接触を制限していれば33人に止められたかもしれないが、93人に広がり、76人が10才未満の子どもだった。何人かに腎障害が残り、訴訟を準備する人たちも出ている。
 昨年の大発生以来、医師は病原性大腸菌O157感染兆候を見た場合、当局に届け出なければならないようになった。
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病原性大腸菌による食品安全への脅威/米国
http://kurie.at.webry.info/201005/article_23.html
レタス 大腸菌汚染でリコール/米国 ロメイン・レタス
http://kurie.at.webry.info/201005/article_5.html
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Page last updated at 19:09 GMT, Tuesday, 15 June 2010 20:09 UK
Petting farm visitors 'need more E. coli protection'
By Nick Triggle
Health reporter, BBC News Godstone Farm and Playbarn
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/10311808.stm

画像Godstone Farm attracts up to 2,000 visitors a day at the height of summer

More must be done to protect people visiting children's farms, experts say.

The warning was made by the inquiry investigating the UK's biggest ever farm outbreak of E. coli.

More than 90 people got the potentially-fatal O157 strain of the bug at Surrey's Godstone Farm last year.

The investigation found public safety had been "neglected" as better procedures at the farm may have stopped the outbreak.

It also found quicker action by health officials could have limited it.

The independent panel, led by University of London infection expert Professor George Griffin, said safety measures on the farm were "inadequate" as they primarily relied on visitors washing their hands.
WHAT IS THE RISK?
Continue reading the main story

It basically comes down to that thorny issue of acceptable risk.

Children's farms can never been 100% safe from E. coli, but then again neither can a picnic in the countryside.

The O157 strain is very hardy. It can survive for months on gates and fences.

So the inquiry was clear it was about minimising risk - and that means parents ensuring children wash hands and farms improving their practices.

As long as this is done, the experts said there was no reason for parents to avoid the attractions.

The figures support such a claim. The risk of infection is low.

About 5 million people a year visit petting farms with only 200 to 250 being struck down with the bug.
Open farm rules 'not too onerous' What went wrong at Godstone Farm?

Indeed, it said it was "very likely" the whole outbreak could have been avoided if more attention had been paid to preventing visitors being exposed to animal waste.

Straw at the main barn, where children could pet animals, was sometimes left for three months before it was changed - a practice known as deep litter which is commonplace, the experts said.

They called for this to stop and urged farms to introduce vigorous cleaning of petting areas or even consider not letting children come into contact with the animals which most often carry the bug, such as cows, sheep and goats.

The panel said a code of practice, covering issues such as farm layout and hand-washing facilities, was needed to ensure this growing industry maintains the highest standards.

But it was also critical of the response of the regulatory agencies. Officials at the local authority, Tandridge District Council, and the Health Protection Agency were slow to act.

If they had stopped contact with the animals when the alarm was first raised the outbreak could have been limited to 33 people, it said.

Instead, 93 were struck down - 76 of whom were children under the age of 10.
Advertisement

Professor Mark Stevens of the Institute for Animal Health explains what is E. coli O157
Legal action

Some of those are still ill with kidney damage and a group of parents is preparing to launch legal action for damages.

Professor Griffin said there had been a "lack of leadership" and a more "robust" approach to such attractions was needed.

However, he stressed draconian measures such as bans would be inappropriate.

"In the context of what happened at Godstone, a new framework for the future which is explicit and unambiguous is clearly needed."

Justin McCracken, head of the HPA, said he was "very sorry" for the failings of his organisation.

Farm owner Jackie Flaherty: "Our hearts went out the families of the children"

"I am determined that the HPA will work with the other bodies to prevent a similar situation developing in the future."

Since last year's outbreak, the rules on E. coli O157 have changed, making some of its symptoms notifiable in the way smallpox or measles are. Doctors now have to notify the relevant authorities if they detect signs of the infection.

Jackie Flaherty, the owner of Godstone Farm, which has now reopened, described the incident as "dreadful" and expressed sympathy for all those who had become ill.

"The safety and welfare of visitors to the farm is always important to us."

She added she would welcome a code of practice and new measures to improve safety and regulation.

"We're keen to take part in the consultation process which may be set up. It should ensure there's a framework of reasonable practical measures that all open farms can put in place and that lessons can be learned from this outbreak."


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