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zoom RSS サルモネラ汚染で3億8000万個の卵のリコール発表/米国

<<   作成日時 : 2010/08/19 22:09   >>

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画像 国内で数百人がサルモネラ感染症を発症したためアイオワの会社が3億8000万個の卵のリコール発表へと拡大した。5月に始まり数年来で最大の卵による感染発生となったと連邦当局が発表した。
 Wright County Eggというアイオワの会社は、劣悪で危険な作業条件や環境違反、従業員への嫌がらせ、不法移民の雇用などをおこなっていた。
 サルモネラ感染が5月に始まり、6-7月と増加し、全国的なサーベイランスデータで週平均約50だったものが約200まで増加し、多くが卵を含んだ食物を食べていたため、追跡調査が行われていた。卵の多くはすでに調理されたべられてしまったが、数百万個がまだ冷蔵庫に保管されている可能性がある。
 卵は5つの施設で生産され、全国で販売された。消費者に対して店に直ちに返却するように求めている。
 サルモネラ菌感染症で当局に報告されるのは1/30に過ぎないと言われているので、数千人が感染したかもしれない。症状として下痢や嘔吐・腹痛をきたす。
 感染した鶏から卵の中に菌が入り、生で食べたり不完全な調理だと感染する。
 連邦の新たな規制は、5万羽以上の鶏を飼育する生産者に適応され、ネズミの駆除や汚染防止が義務づけられる。FDAによれば、年間79,000人の患者と30人の死者を防止するだろうという。
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サルモネラ汚染のため数千の加工食品がリコール/米国 FDA
http://kurie.at.webry.info/201003/article_7.html
新たなサルモネラ感染食中毒が発生 42州400人/米国
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200901/article_21.html
サルモネラ 1000人以上、最大規模の食物由来流行感染に/米国

http://kurie.at.webry.info/200807/article_23.html
トマトに関連したサルモネラ感染報告の増加/米国
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200806/article_29.html
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Egg Recall Is Expanded After Outbreak
By WILLIAM NEUMAN
Published: August 18, 2010
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/19/business/19eggs.html

An Iowa company on Wednesday broadened a nationwide recall of its eggs to 380 million after some of its facilities were linked to an outbreak of salmonella that has sickened hundreds of people across the country.

The outbreak, which federal officials said was the largest of its type related to eggs in years, began in May, just weeks before new government safety rules went into effect that were intended to greatly reduce the risk of salmonella in eggs.

The company behind the recall, Wright County Egg, of Galt, Iowa, is owned by Jack DeCoster, who has had run-ins with regulators over poor or unsafe working conditions, environmental violations, the harassment of workers and the hiring of illegal immigrants.

The salmonella outbreak began in May, when several states began seeing an increase in the number of cases of a common type of bacterial illness known as Salmonella Enteritidis, said Dr. Christopher R. Braden, acting director of food-borne diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. The numbers continued to grow, and in June and July, a database used to track disease nationwide found that the number of cases had risen from a historical average of about 50 a week to about 200.

Public health officials in California, Minnesota and Colorado determined that many of the people who had gotten sick had eaten food containing eggs. Further investigation traced many tainted eggs to Wright County Egg.

The company announced on Friday that it was recalling 228 million eggs that it had sold since mid-May. On Wednesday, it added another 152 million eggs to the recall. Many of the affected eggs have long since been cooked and eaten, but millions could still be stored in refrigerators.

The company said the recalled eggs came from five plants and were distributed across the country under the brand names Lucerne, Albertson, Mountain Dairy, Ralph’s, Boomsma’s, Sunshine, Hillandale, Trafficanda, Farm Fresh, Shoreland, Lund, Dutch Farms, Kemps, James Farms, Glenview and Pacific Coast. (Dutch Farms said Wright County packaged eggs under its brand without permission.)

Consumers were told to return the eggs to stores.

Dr. Braden said that it was not yet possible to say how many people had fallen ill in the outbreak although it certainly numbered in the hundreds. Typically in salmonella outbreaks, only about one in 30 cases is reported to authorities, he said, so thousands of people may have been affected. He said there were no reports of deaths.

Salmonella can cause diarrhea, vomiting and stomach pains. In rare cases, it can cause more serious illness, including arterial infections.

The pathogen is transferred to eggs by infected hens and it can be found inside eggs that appear normal. The bacteria is destroyed by heat but people can become sick if they eat raw or incompletely cooked eggs. Federal regulators have grappled with the problem of salmonella in eggs since it first emerged in the 1980s. But proposals to improve regulations were largely unsuccessful until a year ago, when the Food and Drug Administration announced a new set of rules, which became effective on July 9.

The rules initially apply to egg producers with 50,000 or more laying hens, a category that federal officials said included Wright County Egg. The rules require producers to establish measures to control rodents that can pass salmonella to hens and to prevent contamination by workers or equipment. They also establish testing requirements for poultry houses and eggs.

In a news release on July 9, the F.D.A. said that the rules would prevent as many as 79,000 illnesses and 30 deaths a year related to the consumption of tainted eggs.

Dr. Braden said that investigators looking into the outbreak found cases in which restaurants had used raw eggs in a salad dressing or mixed raw eggs into soup. A case in California in May was traced to a catered event where people had eaten profiteroles containing a custard made with eggs, according to officials in that state.

Hinda Mitchell, a spokeswoman for Wright County Egg, said that the company had put the required federal measures in place by the July deadline. She said that before that date, the company had participated in a voluntary industry program that included steps similar to some of the new federal requirements.

Mr. DeCoster is well known to federal regulators.

In 1997, one of his companies agreed to pay a $2 million fine by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration for violations in the workplace and worker housing. Officials said workers were forced to handle manure and dead chickens with their bare hands and to live in trailers infested with rats. The labor secretary in the Clinton administration, Robert B. Reich, called Mr. DeCoster’s operation “an agricultural sweatshop.”

Mr. DeCoster’s facilities have also been periodically raided by immigration officials. In 2003, Mr. DeCoster pleaded guilty to charges of knowingly hiring immigrants who were in the country illegally and he paid more than $2 million as part of a federal settlement.

Mr. DeCoster was also charged by Iowa authorities in the 1990s with violations of environmental rules governing hog manure runoff.

Ms. Mitchell said that Mr. DeCoster was not available for an interview.

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サルモネラ汚染で3億8000万個の卵のリコール発表/米国 医師の一分/BIGLOBEウェブリブログ
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