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zoom RSS ハイチの首都でコレラが流行

<<   作成日時 : 2010/11/10 20:01   >>

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 ポルトープランスの保健省はハイチの首都でコレラが流行し始めたと発表した。73人が治療中であり、米州保健機構は今後数年で数万人のハイチ人が感染するだろうと推計している。保健省はこれまでに583人が死亡したとしている。国内で9,000人以上が治療中であるという。今後、首都での大流行が始まるだろうという。
 1991年にペルーで発生したコレラが6年間で16の南米諸国に広がった経験から推測して、ハイチでは27万人が発病するだろうというが、もっと多いかもしれない。現在までのハイチでの死亡率は南米流行時より高いという。隣のドミニカ共和国にも広がり、「厳戒態勢」にある。
 1月の地震で約130万人が収容されているポルトープランス周辺のキャンプをハリケーンが通過した。ポルトープランスで約250〜300万人の人々が発症する危険がある。

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9 November 2010 Last updated at 22:47 GMT
Haiti: Cholera confirmed in Port-au-Prince
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-11721995

画像The health ministry in Port-au-Prince has confirmed that the country's cholera outbreak has reached the Haitian capital.
Doctors are treating 73 people for the disease, amid fears that it could spread across the quake-hit city.
Meanwhile, the Pan American Health Organisation (Paho) says it expects tens of thousands more Haitians to catch cholera in the next few years.
The health ministry says so far 583 people have died in the epidemic.
Dozens of suspected cases are also being investigated in Port-au-Prince, which has feared an outbreak since October.
Across the country, more than 9,000 people are being treated for symptoms of the disease, the health ministry said on Tuesday.
Health minister Ariel Henry said that a sizeable outbreak in Port-au-Prince now appeared likely.
"It's coming," Mr Henry told the AFP news agency.

'Foothold'
The deputy director of the Pan American Health Organisation (Paho), Jon Kim Andrus, said his organisation expected cholera transmission in Port-au-Prince "to be extensive".
Mr Andrus said Paho and other organisations were preparing for a long-running epidemic likely to infect tens of thousands of people across Haiti over the next few years.
"The disease now has a foothold in Haiti's river system," he added.
Mr Andrus said that while it is impossible to predict the development of the epidemic in Haiti, for planning purposes Paho has extrapolated from the 1991 cholera outbreak in Peru, which spread to 16 Latin American countries over six years.
Comparing the population figures of Peru and Haiti and factoring in the number of cholera cases in Peru during the outbreak in the 1990s, the organisation thinks that 270,000 people in Haiti could fall ill.
"But the number in Haiti could be even higher, because the conditions there are worse than in Peru," Mr Andrus told the BBC.
So far the Haitian death rate has also been higher than that registered during the Latin American epidemic, he added.
While trying to educate the population about prevention and treatment of the disease, reducing the fatality rate of the disease in the Caribbean country remained a top priority, Mr Andrus said.

'High alert'
Paho said it was also on "high alert" over the risk of cholera spreading to the neighbouring Dominican Republic and has sent experts to prepare for a possible outbreak in that country.
A man bathes with water collected from a puddle in a street of Port-au-Prince, 8 November 2010 Haiti's health minister said a major cholera outbreak in the capital was likely
Mr Andrus warned there could be an "upsurge" in cholera cases in Haiti in the coming days as a result of water and sanitation problems caused by Hurricane Tomas at the end of last week.
"We have every reason to expect that the widespread flooding has increased the risk of cholera spreading."
The water-borne disease has already spread to half of Haiti's 10 regions.
The storm at the end of last week left 20 people dead, with 36 injured and 11 missing, officials said.
Aid agencies say the main concern is that the flooding could result in people lacking access to basic sanitation and being forced to drink contaminated water.
The hurricane passed without destroying the tented camps in and around Port-au-Prince, which house about 1.3 million survivors of January's earthquake.
Aid workers say those living in the tent cities have better access to toilets and clean drinking water than the residents of some of the capital's long-standing slums, says the BBC's Laura Trevelyan in Port-au-Prince.
But if more cases are confirmed, the outbreak could threaten an estimated 2.5 to three million people in Port-au-Prince.
Cholera itself causes diarrhoea and vomiting, leading to severe dehydration. It can kill quickly but is treated easily through rehydration and antibiotics.


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