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zoom RSS 男性のうつ病が増加?

<<   作成日時 : 2011/03/04 20:29   >>

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 西洋諸国で男性のうつ病が増加する可能性がある。経済・社会的な変動が伝統的な男性の自尊心の根源を浸食し、伝統的な男女の役割の変化にたいして男性が格闘している。
 女性は男性の2倍の抑うつ障害の発症率だったが、今後数十年でこの差に変化が生じるだろう。
 科学技術の発展で製造業や肉体労働などの伝統的な男性の仕事が失われ、女性の大学進学率が男性を上回るようになり主要な稼ぎ手が女性である世帯数が増加するだろう。
 男のアイデンティティが危機にさらされている。

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1 March 2011 Last updated at 11:57 GMT
Male depression 'set to increase'
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-12582292

画像Psychiatrists have warned that the number of men with depression could rise because of changes in Western society.

An article in the British Journal of Psychiatry suggests economic and social changes will erode traditional sources of male self-esteem.

The authors say men will struggle with the shift away from traditional male and female roles.

The Men's Health Forum said male identity was bound up in employment.

One of the authors, Dr Boadie Dunlop from Emory University School of Medicine, said: "Women are almost twice as likely to develop major depressive disorder in their lifetime as men, but we believe this difference may well change in the coming decades."

He argues that traditional males jobs such as manufacturing or physical labour are being lost, either through improved technology or jobs moving to other countries.

On the other hand the article states that as women are now more likely to go to university than men so the number of households where the main breadwinner is female will increase.

Male identity

"Men's failure to fulfil the role of breadwinner is associated with greater depression and martial conflict," the article states.

Dr Dunlop said: "Western men will face a difficult road in the 21st century, particularly those with low levels of education. We believe economic and societal changes will have significant implications for men's mental health."

Peter Baker, chief executive of the Men's Health Forum, said: "This really confirms what we already know about unemployment and that it has a much bigger impact on men, mainly because male identity is bound up as a worker.

"Male social networks are based around work so losing a job can lead to isolation and depression."

Dr Cosmo Hallstrom, a consultant psychiatrist, said: "If you've spent 20 years pouring steel and the mill closes you can't just go and do something else.

"It seems self evident in a recession with joblessness that it will be bad for physical and mental health and some people will get depression.

"Having to send your wife out and feel like a parasite surely would put up the rate of depression, but overall is it unique to men? I don't know."

Mr Baker said men do not seek help when they have depression and were "more likely to self medicate in the pub" than seek professional care.

He said: "As we see more men affected we need to think about how to support and get them back to work."


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The British Journal of Psychiatry (2011) 198: 167-168. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.084210
(c) 2011 The Royal College of Psychiatrists

Editorials
Will current socioeconomic trends produce a depressing future for men?
Boadie W. Dunlop, MD and Tanja Mletzko, MA

Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Correspondence: Correspondence: Boadie W. Dunlop, MD, 1256 Briarcliff Road NE, Building A, 3rd Floor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Email: bdunlop@emory.edu

Declaration of interest B.W.D. receives research support from the National Institutes of Health and pharmaceutical companies, including AstraZeneca, Evotec, Forest, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis, Pfizer and Wyeth. He has served as a consultant to Imedex, MedAvante and Pfizer.

Boadie W. Dunlop (pictured) is an Assistant Professor and Director of the Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. Tanja Mletzko is a research coordinator for the Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

The changing economic and social environment of Western nations is having a profound impact on men’s lives. Men who assume a greater share of roles traditionally filled by women will experience challenges to traditional sources of male self-esteem, potentially heightening the risk for depressive disorders among men.

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