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zoom RSS 頭痛による莫大な社会経済的コスト

<<   作成日時 : 2011/05/04 23:22   >>

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 世界のすべての成人の約半数が偏頭痛や緊張性頭痛などの頭痛に悩まされており、莫大な社会経済コストになっていると、WHOは火曜日に発表した。
 成人の47%が頭痛を持ち、生産性が落ちることで社会的コストは莫大であるという。EUだけで、毎年1億9000万日仕事ができなくなっている計算になる。
 偏頭痛発作時、90%の人は家事を延期し、約3/4が働く能力が制限され、半数は仕事が全くできなくなる。
 偏頭痛は女性の約1/6、男性の1/12が罹患し、EUや米国では社会的に最も高価な脳疾患であると概算されている。
 偏頭痛により、先進国では人口100万人あたり毎年約40万日も仕事や学校に行けない原因となっており、EUでの頭痛全体の年間コストは1550億ユーロ(2290億ドル)と見積もられている。

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WHO report finds headaches have "enormous" costs
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/03/us-headaches-idUSTRE7424LD20110503
LONDON | Tue May 3, 2011 11:54am EDT

(Reuters) - Almost half of all adults worldwide suffer from headache disorders such as migraines and tension headaches and the problem has huge economic and societal costs, the World Health Organization said on Tuesday.

Yet headaches are widely under-recognized, under-diagnosed and under-treated, and the scant knowledge about them and the burdens they impose must be improved, the WHO said.

Publishing its first global atlas on headaches, the Geneva-based United Nations health body said it found that 47 percent of all adults have a headache disorder and "the financial costs to society through lost productivity are enormous."

In the European Union (EU) alone, 190 million days are lost from work every year because of migraine, it said.

"Headache and migraine disorders are greatly underrated and underreported by health systems and receive too little attention," Dr Shekhar Saxena, the WHO's director of mental health and substance abuse disorders, said in an emailed statement about the report.

"Headaches can be debilitating for many people, rendering them unable to work. During migraine attacks, 90 percent of people postpone household chores, almost three-quarters have limited ability to work and half of them miss work entirely."

Migraine affects around one in six women and one in 12 men, and has been estimated to be the most expensive brain disorder to society in the EU and the United States.

The WHO report found that most importantly, headache disorders are very disabling: Worldwide, migraine alone is the cause of 1.3 percent of all disability due to illness, it said, and experts estimate that taken together, all headache disorders account for double this burden.

Migraine alone is the cause of an estimated 400,000 lost days from work or school every year per million of the population in developed countries, and in the EU, the total annual cost of all headache has recently been estimated at 155 billion euros ($229 billion).

"Governments must take the issue more seriously, train health personnel in headache disorder diagnosis and treatment, and ensure appropriate medication is available and used properly," Saxena said.

An international scientific team said last year it had for the first time identified a genetic risk factor linked with common migraines -- a finding that could open the way for new treatments to prevent migraine attacks.

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Atlas of headache disorders and resources in the world 2011
http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/atlas_headache_disorders/en/index.html
Authors: WHO, Lifting the burden

Number of pages: 72
Publication date: 2011
Languages: English
ISBN: 9789241564212

Overview

Despite that headache is felt at some time by nearly everybody, and almost half the world’s adults at any one time have recent personal experience of one or more of the three very common headache disorders, much is unknown about the public-health impact of these conditions. It is not known how, or how much, they affect many of the populations of the world, or how healthcare and other resources are utilized to mitigate their effects.

This first global enquiry into these matters illuminates the worldwide neglect of this common health problem, and reveals the inadequacies of responses to it in countries throughout the world.
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