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医療用マリファナ許可 イリノイ州知事が署名
 カリフォルニアに続き、人口2位の州で薬物として使用認める法律にパットクイン知事が署名した。癌、パーキンソン病、ループスなど35の病態と診断された患者が使用できる。医師の書面による認証、登録された患者の写真付きの身分証明カードや電子認証システムが必要になる。
 十九他の州に加え、コロンビア特別区は、有効な医療用マリファナの法律を持っている。
 イリノイ州の法律の下で、患者はマリファナの2.5オンス(70グラム)隔週に制限される。
 副作用が少なく筋肉の痙縮の治療に最も効果的な薬だから、医療用大麻を使用していると多発性硬化症の患者は言う。
 米国連邦法の下では、マリファナは中毒性の物質と考えられ、配布は連邦法違反である。

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Illinois governor signs law allowing medical marijuana
http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/08/01/us-usa-marijuana-illinois-idUSBRE97018920130801

By Mary Wisniewski
CHICAGO | Thu Aug 1, 2013 3:48pm EDT
(Reuters) - A law allowing marijuana to be used for medical purposes in Illinois was signed on Thursday by Governor Pat Quinn, making it the second most populous state in the country after California to permit medicinal use of the drug.

"Over the years, I've been moved by the brave patients and veterans who are fighting terrible illnesses," Quinn said. "They need and deserve pain relief."

The law, which takes effect January 1, allows patients diagnosed with one of 35 medical conditions such as cancer, Parkinson's or lupus to use marijuana as recommended by an Illinois licensed physician.

The four-year program, which supporters call the strictest in the nation, requires a doctor's written certification, registered patient photo identification cards and an electronic verification system.

The senate sponsor for the bill was Bill Haine, a downstate Democrat who is a former prosecutor. The bill passed the Illinois house and senate this past spring.

"We are ensuring only those suffering from the most serious diseases receive this treatment," said Haine. "This law takes additional steps to prevent fraud and abuse."

Nineteen other states plus the District of Columbia have effective medical marijuana laws, according to the Marijuana Policy Project, a non-profit Washington, D.C.-based group. The project does not count Maryland on the list because it only allows for a "very limited research program," according to spokesman Morgan Fox.

Under the Illinois law, patients would be limited to 2.5 ounces (70 grams) of marijuana every two weeks. The marijuana must be grown and distributed in Illinois, kept in a closed container and not used in public or in front of minors.

Jim Champion, a veteran afflicted with multiple sclerosis, was among those who spoke with Quinn while he was considering the bill, according to Quinn's office.

"I use medical cannabis because it's the most effective medicine in treating my muscle spasticity with few side effects," Champion said. "My wife shouldn't have to go to drug dealers for my medicine. Neither of us deserve to be criminals."

Those who use, grow or sell the drug must be fingerprinted and undergo background checks. Landlords and employers could ban its use on their property. Users suspected of driving under the influence face the loss of not only their driving privileges, but also their marijuana-use permits.

Under U.S. federal law, marijuana is considered an addictive substance and distribution is a federal offense. The administration of President Barack Obama has discouraged federal prosecutors from pursuing people who distribute marijuana for medical purposes under state laws.

(Reporting by Mary Wisniewski. Editing by Andre Grenon)

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