ピーナッツバターがサルモネラ菌汚染源か/米国

画像 ピーナッツバターを含むスナック食品について、サルモネラ菌汚染の可能性があるため、食べないようにCDCより警告が出された。
 43の州で470人が発症し6人の死者が出た。85の食品会社にピーナッツ製品を出荷している Peanut Corporation of Americaのジョージアの施設でサルモネラ汚染が確認された。
 ケロッグ社は自発的にキーブラーピーナッツバターサンドイッチクラッカー、キーブラーピーナッツバタークッキー、フェイマスエイモスピーナッツバタークッキーなどの回収を決めた。
 安全が確認されるまでピーナッツクラッカーとキャンディーバーは避けた方がよい。
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Hunt for Salmonella Source Expands
Hundreds Sick, at Least 6 Dead as Companies Begin Recalling Products With Peanut Butter
By GIGI STONE
Jan. 17, 2008
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=6671886&page=1

If you enjoy cookies, crackers or ice cream flavored with peanut butter, well, don't for now.
Peanut butter products tainted with the deadly virus have been recalled.

Federal officials are warning Americans to avoid any snack food that includes peanut butter in the ingredients. They say that dozens of products made with peanut butter should not be eaten, because they may be contaminated with salmonella. The warning does not include peanut butter jars on grocery store shelves.

The nationwide outbreak is now linked to 470 illnesses and six deaths across 43 states. The investigation into what is causing the outbreak is taking on new urgency as officials confirmed salmonella contamination at a Georgia facility owned by the Peanut Corporation of America, which ships peanut products to 85 food companies.

Federal officials are scrutinizing some of the companies that Peanut Corp. supplies and urging the companies to test their products or pull them off the shelves. One of the companies, Kellogg's, has voluntarily recalled 16 of its baked products including Keebler Peanut Butter Sandwich Crackers, Keebler Soft Batch Homestyle Peanut Butter Cookies and some snack-size packs of Famous Amos Peanut Butter Cookies. The recall was announced despite more tests being needed to see if the salmonella found at the Peanut Corp. plant matches the strain that has made people sick.

Caroline Smith DeWaal, the Food Safety Director at the Center for Science in the Public Interest, says that to be cautious, consumers might want to avoid the peanut crackers and candy bars that could be linked to this outbreak, at least until the companies are cleared by the FDA as not having used this peanut butter.

"The evidence isn't terribly good, but given the size of the outbreak and severity of the illnesses, it's critically important that the government move as fast as it can to really nail down the food source." DeWaal said. "Companies that have taken this peanut butter and mixed it in to other products, used it to create cracker, peanut crackers for example, are probably very concerned that their products could be linked to the outbreak."

Dr. William Schaffner, chair of the Dept. of Preventative Medicine at Vanderbilt Medical Center, says it is going to take time to determine the source of the outbreak. "This is a serious outbreak," Dr. Schaffner said. "Seeing that these cases that are scattered, doing the lab work and implicating the peanut butter is very, very difficult."

One reason there have been so many outbreaks of illness related to the peanut butter might be that Peanut Corp. sold to companies that distributed to schools, hospitals and nursing homes. Salmonella is particularly dangerous to the elderly and children, so health officials have been urging those institutions to throw out specific containers of peanut butter linked to the outbreak. They believe there may be more victims out there.

PHOTO Kellogg Co. cites salmonella health risk in recalling products containing peanut butter
The Peanut Corp. of America plant is seen on Thursday, Jan. 15, 2009, in Blakely, Ga. The plant that... Expand
The Peanut Corp. of America plant is seen on Thursday, Jan. 15, 2009, in Blakely, Ga. The plant that may be linked to a nationwide salmonella outbreak. Peanut Corp. of America voluntarily recalled peanut butter produced at the plant, pending the outcome of an investigation. Collapse
(Elliott Minor/AP Photo)

"It's generally estimated that for every case that we hear about there are approximately 38 other cases out there in the community that got sick or had some kind of illness. But were never sick enough to go to the doctor." said Stephanie Meyer of the Minnesota Department of Health.

Salmonella is the nation's leading cause of food poisoning. The Food and Drug Administration is advising consumers to contact a doctor if they have any symptoms. Common symptoms include diarrhea and abdominal cramping.

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Peanut Corporation of America Expands Nationwide Recall of Peanut Butter
Company Announces the Voluntary Recall of Peanut Paste Produced in Georgia Plant

http://www.fda.gov/oc/po/firmrecalls/peanutcorp201_09.html

Contact:
Peanut Corporation of America
1-877-564-7080

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE -- Lynchburg, Va. (January 16, 2009) -- Peanut Corporation of America (PCA), a peanut processing company and maker of peanut butter for bulk distribution to institutions, food service industries, and private label food companies, today announced an expanded recall of peanut butter produced in its Blakely, Georgia processing facility as well as the voluntary recall of peanut paste produced in the same plant because these products have the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella. The company on January 13, 2009 previously announced the recall of 21 lots of peanut butter produced on or after July 1, 2008.

Today's announcement and voluntary recall affect all peanut butter produced on or after August 8, 2008 and peanut paste produced on or after September 26, 2008 at the Georgia facility. The peanut butter being recalled is sold by PCA in bulk packaging in containers ranging in size from five to 1,700 pounds. The peanut paste is sold in sizes ranging from 35 pound containers to tanker containers.

PCA is notifying customers who received the recalled product by telephone or in writing, as well as through the news media and a toll-free 24/7 hotline number. None of the peanut butter or peanut paste being recalled is sold directly by PCA to consumers through retail stores.

"Today, the FDA informed PCA that new product samples in unopened containers tested positive for Salmonella," said Stewart Parnell, President of Peanut Corporation of America.

The FDA has not yet confirmed the DNA fingerprints of these positive samples to match the strains causing the outbreaks of food borne illness in several states.

PCA is immediately stopping all production at the Blakely, Georgia facility and notifying its customers to recall and retain all affected product produced during these dates at this plant.

"We deeply regret that this product recall is expanding and our first priority is to protect the health of our customers. Our company has worked around the clock for the last week with federal regulators to help identify any potential problems. Our Blakely facility is currently not operating as we continue to work with federal food safety investigators,"Parnell said.

Customers should call 1-877-564-7080 for further instructions on what to do with the product or visit the company web site at www.peanutcorp.com.

Eating food contaminated with Salmonella can result in abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and fever. Most people infected with Salmonella develop the symptoms 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most people recover with treatment. However, in some persons, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. For more information on Salmonella bacteria, please visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Website at http://www.cdc.gov.

Peanut Corporation of America is a family-owned and operated business since 1976 based in Lynchburg, VA and operating facilities in Blakely, GA, Suffolk, VA and Plainview, TX. The company prides itself on the quality and freshness of its products and strives constantly to maintain an environment in compliance with federal, state and local regulations and guidelines to provide a clean, safe product. For more information, visit Peanut Corporation of America's Website at www.peanutcorp.com.

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