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zoom RSS FDA プラスチック製品のビスフェノールAは安全との報告/米国

<<   作成日時 : 2008/08/17 19:30   >>

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 FDA食品医薬品局の科学者たちは、食品容器から漏出する微量のビスフェノールAが幼児や大人への脅威ではないとした。プラスチック硬化化学薬品BPAは、缶詰食品を封印したり、破砕防止のボトルを作るために使われている。業界からは熱烈に歓迎されたが、環境保護団体は業界紐付きの研究結果に依存していると批判している。FDAは皮肉にも国内の優秀な研究者による数十もの研究結果を無視する選択をしたとの批判がある。
 連邦政府の毒物学プログラムによるリポートが、幼児の中にそのリスクについて「いくらかの懸念」があると以前に伝えていた。
 CDC疾病管理予防センターによれば、米国人の93%は尿中に微量のビスフェノールが検出される。FDAの報告では、そのレベルは危険域を数千倍下回るとしている。
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プラスチック製品のビスフェノールAを有毒の表示に/カナダ
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200804/article_29.html
プラスチック製の水筒や哺乳瓶の安全性に疑問
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200804/article_24.html
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FDA Says Chemical Found in Plastic Bottles Is Safe
FDA Concludes Bisphenol A Chemical Used in Baby Bottles, Canned Food is Not Dangerous
By MATTHEW PERRONE AP Business Writer
WASHINGTON August 15, 2008 (AP)
The Associated Press
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory?id=5589377

画像baby bottles
Ahead of its September meeting, the Food and Drug Administration released a draft report saying the chemical BPA, used to harden plastic and make shatterproof baby bottles, is not dangerous.
(Absodels/Getty Images)

Despite ongoing safety concerns from parents, consumer groups and politicians, a chemical used in baby bottles, canned food and other items is not dangerous, federal regulators said Friday.

Food and Drug Administration scientists said the trace amounts of bisphenol A that leach out of food containers are not a threat to infants or adults. The plastic-hardening chemical is used to seal canned food and make shatterproof bottles. It also used in hundreds of household items, ranging from sunglasses to CDs.

The FDA's draft report was greeted with enthusiasm by the American Chemistry Council, which has defended the chemical's safety.

"FDA is the government agency we rely upon to assess food-contact products. They've assessed this issue in great detail and their conclusion is very reassuring," said Steve Henges, an executive director with the council.

But environmental groups were quick to criticize the agency's conclusions, which they said relied on industry-funded studies.

"It's ironic FDA would choose to ignore dozens of studies funded by (the National Institutes of Health) ― this country's best scientists ― and instead rely on flawed studies from industry," said Pete Myers, chief scientist for Environmental Health Sciences.

The FDA report is the latest in a growing pile of assessments of bisphenol, which has been used to package food for decades.

The agency previously declared the chemical safe, but agreed to revisit that opinion after a report by the federal National Toxicology Program said there was "some concern" about its risks in infants. Based on a review of animal studies, the government working group said bisphenol can cause changes in behavior and the brain, and that it may reduce survival and birth weight in fetuses.

About 93 percent of Americans have traces of bisphenol in their urine, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But the FDA's report concludes that those levels are thousands of times below what would actually be dangerous to adults or children.

The FDA released its preliminary re-evaluation ahead of a September meeting where outside advisers will debate the chemical's safety.

Many lawmakers at home and abroad aren't waiting for the agency to complete its review.

Canada has announced its intention to ban the use of the chemical in baby bottles, and U.S. lawmakers have introduced legislation to ban bisphenol in children's products.

California, New Jersey and at least 10 other states also are considering bills to restrict use of the chemical.

More than 6 million pounds of bisphenol are produced in the U.S. each year by Dow Chemical, BASF, Bayer AG and other manufacturers.

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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Chemical Used in Plastic Bottles Is Safe, F.D.A. Says
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Published: August 15, 2008
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/16/business/16chemical.html?_r=1&ref=health&oref=slogin

WASHINGTON (AP) ― Despite safety concerns of parents, consumer groups and politicians, a chemical used in baby bottles, canned food and other items is not dangerous, federal regulators said Friday.

Scientists at the Food and Drug Administration said the trace amounts of bisphenol A that leach out of food containers were not a threat to infants or adults. The plastic-hardening chemical is used to seal canned food and make shatterproof bottles.

The agency’s draft report is the latest in a growing pile of assessments of bisphenol, which has been used to package food for decades.

The agency previously declared the chemical safe, but agreed to revisit that opinion after a report by the federal National Toxicology Program said that there was “some concern” about its risks in infants.

Based on a review of animal studies, the government working group said bisphenol could cause changes in behavior and the brain, and that it might reduce survival and birth weight in fetuses.

About 93 percent of Americans have traces of bisphenol in their urine, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

But the F.D.A.’s report concluded that those levels were thousands of times below what would actually be dangerous to adults or children.

The F.D.A. released its preliminary re-evaluation ahead of a September meeting where outside advisers will debate the chemical’s safety.

Many lawmakers at home and abroad are not waiting for the agency to complete its review.

Canada has announced its intention to ban the use of the chemical in baby bottles, and lawmakers in the United States have introduced legislation to ban bisphenol in children’s products.

California, New Jersey and at least 10 other states also are considering bills to restrict use of the chemical.

More than six million pounds of bisphenol are produced in the United States each year by Dow Chemical, Bayer and other manufacturers.

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