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zoom RSS 幼稚園児のインフルエンザ・ワクチン義務化に抗議/米国 ニュージャージー

<<   作成日時 : 2008/10/19 23:40   >>

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 ニュージャージー州は、幼稚園とデイケア・センターに入る前にすべての子供にインフルエンザ予防接種を必要とする米国で最初の州である。子どもに予防接種しない両親に対して、ニュージャージーの公衆衛生協議会は、昨年行動にでた。
画像 しかし、義務化命令は、トレントンの州議事堂の外で木曜日に抗議に集まった数百人もの多くの両親を激高させた。
 親たちは、活動グループを結成し、仲間の住民に法律反対の請願にサインするようにオンラインで支持するように募った。子供にどんな予防接種を受けさせるかを決める権利を要求するために一緒に接種を止めた。
 州法では医学的や宗教的な免除を定めているが、当局がなかなか承諾しないと言う。
 州当局は、ワクチン接種しないと、麻疹で22倍、百日咳で6倍も感染しやくなるという。CDCによれば、インフルエンザにより毎年約86人が死亡している。しかし、十分に効果的かつ安全とは言い切れないと主張する親もいる。
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幼稚園児へのインフルエンザ・ワクチン接種を義務化
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200712/article_15.html
最近2年間の子どもへのインフルエンザワクチンはほとんど効果なし/米国
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200810/article_18.html
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N.J. Mandatory Flu Shots for Preschoolers Cause Outrage
First Preschool Flu Vaccination Rule Shocks Parents
By SHARYN ALFONSI
Oct. 17, 2008
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/ColdandFluNews/story?id=6051917&page=1

New Jersey's Public Health Council stopped complaining last year about parents who don't vaccinate their children and took action. Now, New Jersey is the first state in the nation to require a flu shot for all children before they enroll in preschools and daycare centers.
The state requires that children receive the flu vaccine before preschool.

The compulsory vaccination for preschoolers is intended to promote public health, a move based on a recommendation from the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which identified children under age 5 as a group particularly in need of vaccinations.

But the mandate has infuriated many parents, hundreds of whom gathered in protest Thursday outside the statehouse in Trenton.

Parents have formed advocacy groups and enlisted support online for fellow residents to sign their petition against the law. They've banned together to demand what they see as their right to choose what is injected in the bodies of their children.

Watch "World News with Charles Gibson" tonight at 6:30 p.m. ET for the full report.

"I have a really big problem with mandatory flu shots in this country," said Louis Kuo-Habukus, a mother of three from New Jersey. "We need to have a choice."

Parents flooded the statehouse, carrying signs with slogans like "Parent Power" and "My Child, My Choice," and chanting "No American should be forced to play vaccine roulette with their child."

They rallied for support of a "conscientious objectors" clause, which they want added to the bill. It would grant exemptions for children and parents who have a moral objection to the vaccination.

Existing state law provides for medical and religious exemptions to mandatory vaccinations, but parents say that requests are not frequently granted by authorities. They also point to legislation that offers a similar conscientious belief exemption from vaccines in 19 other states.

But New Jersey officials oppose any laws allowing parents to opt out of the vaccine.

"If we allow parents to pick and choose what vaccines to give kids, we will potentially run the risk of weakening the public health of the entire community," said Dr. Tina Tan of the New Jersey State Department of Health.

By not getting your toddler vaccinated, the state argues, you risk the spread of disease.

"Vaccines not only protect the child being vaccinated but also the general community and the most vulnerable individuals within the community," the New Jersey Health Department said in a statement.

The state cited evidence from medical studies, which found that those who opted out from measles and pertussis vaccines were 22 times more likely to get the measles and six times as likely to get pertussis.
nj flu
Health advocate, Gary Null, center foreground, addresses a large crowd in front of the statehouse... Expand
Health advocate, Gary Null, center foreground, addresses a large crowd in front of the statehouse Thursday, Oct. 16, 2008, in Trenton, N.J., during a rally for vaccination choice. As flu season approaches, many New Jersey parents are furious over a first-in-the-nation requirement that small children must get a flu shot in order to attend preschools and day-care centers. Collapse
(Mel Evans/AP Photo)

The flu kills about 86 children, from infants to teens, each year, according to the CDC.

The state is backed by the CDC, which insists that the flu vaccine is safe. Still, some parents believe that vaccines are overused and not sufficiently proven to be effective or safe.

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