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zoom RSS ロタウイルス・ワクチンを子どもの定期接種に WHO推奨

<<   作成日時 : 2009/06/05 19:53   >>

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 WHOは下痢嘔吐をおこすウイルス予防のためロタウイルス・ワクチンを全ての子どもの定期接種とするように推奨した。
 年間50万人が死亡し、200万人が入院している。死亡の85%以上はアフリカ・アジアの途上国で起きている。国際的な専門家はWHOの推奨を歓迎しているが、英国の科学者はワクチンが高価すぎると言っている。
 下痢の他の原因、水質・衛生・衛生施設を改善し、経口補水剤と亜鉛補足が入手可能となるよう保証することがまた重要であるとWHOは言う。
 英国ではロタウイルスによる胃腸炎に毎年約130,000人が罹患し、約12,700人が入院し、4人が死亡している。政府の委員会はワクチン価格が下がれば接種を推奨することを考慮するとしている。
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ロタウイルスワクチンで大きな効果/米国医療事情
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200806/article_40.html
小児に対するロタウイルス・ワクチンRotarix 認可/米国
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200804/article_22.html
ロタウイルス感染症(乳児下痢症) ワクチン接種を検討
http://kurie.at.webry.info/200706/article_83.html
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Page last updated at 08:59 GMT, Friday, 5 June 2009 09:59 UK
WHO recommends anti-diarrhoea jab
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8083684.stm

画像Syringe
The jab was found to cut cases of diarrhoea

The World Health Organization says a jab which can prevent a diarrhoea and vomiting virus should be given to all children as a routine vaccination.

Rotavirus causes more than 500,000 diarrheal deaths and two million hospitalisations a year among children.
Over 85% of deaths occur in developing countries in Africa and Asia.
International experts welcomed the WHO's recommendations - based on new research - but UK scientists have previously said the jab is too costly.

'Milestone'
The WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) made its recommendations after new data from clinical trials.

The clinical trial, which involved a range or organisations including the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisations (GAVI) and drug company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), which makes the vaccine plus researchers in South Africa and Malawi, found that rotavirus vaccine significantly reduced severe diarrhoea episodes.

The WHO's Dr Thomas Cherian, said: "This is a tremendous milestone in ensuring that vaccines against the most common cause of lethal diarrhoea reach the children who need them most."

This is a tremendous milestone in ensuring that vaccines against the most common cause of lethal diarrhoea reach the children who need them most
Dr Thomas Cherian, WHO

But the WHO said, because there were other causes of diarrhoea, it was also important to improve water quality, hygiene, and sanitation and ensure oral rehydration solutions and zinc supplements were available.
Dr Tachi Yamada, president of the Global Health Program at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, said: "This WHO recommendation clears the way for vaccines that will protect children in the developing world from one of the most deadly diseases they face.
"We need to act now to deliver vaccines to children in Africa and Asia, where most rotavirus deaths occur."
Dr Julian Lob-Levyt, chief executive officer of GAVI, said: "This represents another important step in our ability to achieve significant impact on under-five deaths in the world's poorest communities and make progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.
"We are extremely excited about the potential to offer African and Asian countries funding to introduce rotavirus vaccines."

'Price cut'
There are around 130,000 episodes of gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus each year in the UK.
Around 12,700 children are hospitalised, and four die each year.
The Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation, which advises the government, said in February that it would only consider recommending the jab if its price was significantly reduced.
In February, the JCVI said: "Rotavirus vaccination would reduce the incidence of rotavirus in the population.
"However, the cost-effectiveness analysis showed that, based on current vaccine prices, universal vaccination of young children significantly exceeded the commonly accepted threshold for cost-effective healthcare interventions.
"Introduction of rotavirus vaccines may only become cost-effective if the vaccine price is reduced significantly."

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